This important activity doesn’t have to take up much time (perhaps only 5 minutes), but it must be done on a regular basis to achieve good results. 5 days a week for 2-3 months and marked improvement should be exhibited.
Let the child pick the reading matter.
A magazine, sport story, or even a comic book that interests the child will make the reading time more enjoyable for the child.
Set a pattern.
When you are ready to begin the reading session, use a signal or words (“Here we go.”) to alert the child. He will come to expect this signal both as a signal to start reading and to end any other disruptions. It will help make this reading time a significant occurrence.
Read in tandem.
Slow down your reading to match the child’s pace.
Correct mistakes gently.
Repeat the word correctly and have the child repeat it also. If you think he doesn’t understand the meaning, then you can discuss it.
Also use independent reading.
When the child wants (feels able) to read independently, have a signal he can use to alert you to this. (a tap on the table perhaps)
Praise job well done.
Always remember to lavish praise on the child. He takes his cues from you on how well he is doing.
Help when needed
Allow the child several seconds to try to decode the difficult word himself, and then help him if necessary. Have the child repeat the word. Offer to read in tandem again or let the child continue on his own. One or two difficult words in a passage is to be expected, but if a child is struggling with most of the words, then tandem reading would be more beneficial.
Discuss what you’ve read
Don’t hesitate to stop reading and discuss a portion of the material to make sure the child understands. Having the child summarize the reading will help you know how well he comprehended the material. Encourage him to ask questions as well.